Thoothukudi

Thoothukudi (hu ua Tuticorin ), yog ib tug chaw nres nkoj lub nroog , ib tug kiag li thiab ib tug lub nroog uas muaj nyob rau hauv Thoothukudi koog tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv lub Indian lub xeev ntawm Tamil Nadu . Lub nroog nyob hauv Coromandel Coast ntawm Bay of Bengal . Thoothukudi yog lub peev thiab lub hauv paus chaw ntawm Thoothukudi koog tsev kawm ntawv . Nws nyob txog 590 kilometers (367 mais) sab qab teb hnub poob ntawm Chennai , 190 kilometers (118 mais) sab qaum teb sab hnub tuaj ntawm Thiruvananthapuram thiab 580 kilometers (360 mais) sab qab teb sab hnub tuaj ntawm Bangalore . Raws liKev koom ua ke ntawm Indian Kev Lag Luam , Thoothukudi muaj qhov thib ob siab tshaj plaws Kev Txhim Kho Tib Neeg Txoj Cai hauv Tamil Nadu tom ntej ntawm Chennai . [3] Thoothukudi City ua lub hauv paus chaw hauv Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Limited . Cov tsev kawm ntawv tseem ceeb hauv nroog suav nrog tsoomfwv Thoothukudi Medical College , College Fisheries thiab Research Institute , Tamil Nadu Maritime Academy, [4] VO Chidambaram College , Kamaraj College , Anna University (Thoothukudi Campus) thiab Government Polytechnic College. [5] VO Chidambaranar Port Trustyog ib qho ntawm Kev Loj Hlob Loj Tshaj Loj Tshaj Plaws hauv Is Nrias teb . Thoothukudi yog "Lub zog tshiab thiab Chaw lag luam ntawm South India". [6]

Thoothukudi lub npe hu ua "Pearl City" vim yog nuv ntses hlaws nqa hauv lub nroog. Nws yog chaw nres nkoj lag luam uas ua haujlwm rau hauv nroog nroog ntawm yav qab teb Is Nrias teb thiab yog ib qho ntawm lub qhov rooj hiav txwv ntawm Tamil Nadu. Nws kuj tseem yog ib qho chaw nres nkoj loj hauv Is Nrias teb nrog keeb kwm yav dhau los txog rau xyoo pua AD. Lub nroog ntseeg tias yog qhov qub txeeg qub teg thiab tau txiav txim, nyob rau lub sijhawm sib txawv, los ntawm Pandyas Thaum Ntxov , Medieval Cholas , Tom Qab Cholas , Tom Qab Pandyas, Ma'bar Sultanate , Tirunelveli Sultanate, Vijayanagar Empire , Madurai Nayaks , Chanda Sahib , Carnatic lub nceeg vaj ,Portuguese , Dutch thiab Askiv . Thoothukudi tau txiav txim los ntawm Portuguese , Dutch thiab tom qab los ntawm British East India Company . Lub nroog yog tswj hwm los ntawm Thoothukudi Municipal Corporation npog thaj tsam ntawm 353.07 km 2 (136.32 sq mi) thiab muaj cov pejxeem ntawm 237,830 xyoo 2011. Lub nroog sib sau ua ke muaj cov pejxeem ntawm 410,760 raws li xyoo 2011 . [1]

Feem coob ntawm cov neeg hauv nroog tau ua haujlwm hauv lauj kaub ntsev, ua lag luam los ntawm hiav txwv, nuv ntses, thiab ncig teb chaws. 21 Islands tuaj nruab nrab ntawm Thoothukudi thiab Rameswaram ntug dej hiav txwv hauv Gulf of Mannar tau sau tseg ua thawj Marine Biosphere Reserve ntawm Is Nrias teb, thiab muaj ze li ntawm 36,000 hom tsiaj thiab tsiaj txhu. Qhov chaw tiv thaiv no hu ua Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park . Peb Poj Niam ntawm Snows Basilica kev ua koob tsheej yog ua kev zoo siab txhua xyoo thaum lub Yim Hli. Qhov no thiab Shiva lub tuam tsev kev ua koob tsheej, piv txwv li, Adi Amavasai, Sasti, thiab Chittirai cov tsheb nees caij nees - yog cov kev lom zem loj hauv cheeb tsam. Txoj kev yog txoj kev loj ntawm kev thauj mus rau Thoothukudi, thaum lub nroog tseem muaj tsheb nqaj hlau, cua, thiab thauj hiav txwv.

Thoothukudi tseem paub los ntawm lub npe 'Pearl city'. Nws tseem raug hu ua "Rooj vag Hiav Txwv ntawm Tamil Nadu". [7] Thoothukudi yog ib feem ntawm Pearl Fishery Coast , thiab paub txog nws txoj kev nuv ntses hlaws thiab kev tsim nkoj . [8]

Lub nroog Korkai qub ze rau niaj hnub no Thoothukudi tau yog qhov chaw rau kev lag luam hla hiav txwv thiab nuv ntses hlaws rau ntau tshaj 2000 xyoo. Ptolemy 'thaj chaw hais txog Korkai yog qhov chaw ntawm cov ntses nuv ntses thaum piav txog kev lag luam kev sib raug zoo ntawm sab hnub poob Is Nrias teb thiab Alexandria , tus thawj coj sab hnub tuaj ntawm Roman Empire . [9] [10] Lub Periplus hais tias tus Pandyan nceeg vaj ncua los ntawm Comari ntawm lub sab qaum teb, xws li Korkai, qhov twg lub pearl fisheries twb. [11]

Thoothukudi yog lub rooj zaum ntawm Portuguese thaum lub xyoo pua 16th, thiab Dutch tau nyob hauv lub xyoo pua 17th raws li pov thawj los ntawm Pagoda npib . Thaum lub sijhawm xyoo pua 18th cov neeg Askiv tau kov yeej thiab nyob hauv lub nroog. Ua ib lub nroog chaw nres nkoj, lub nroog tau txais kev saib xyuas los ntawm cov thawj coj rau kev txhim kho lawv cov kev lag luam, thiab yog li nws tau coj mus rau Lub Nroog txoj cai nyob rau xyoo 1866. [12] Rao Bahadur Cruz Fernandez thiab JLP Roche Victoria ua tus thawj tswj hwm ntawm cov tuam txhab hauv nroog tau ua haujlwm tseem ceeb, tso lub hauv paus rau Thoothukudi niaj hnub no.


João de Castro , Viceroy ntawm Portuguese India , tau tsim txoj cai Portuguese hauv Thoothukudi (1548 txog 1658)
Pom ntawm Dutch chaw nres nkoj hauv Thoothukudi, xyoo 1752
Cov lauj kaub ntsev nyob ze Thoothukudi
Hmo ntuj Scapes ntawm Pearl City
VO Chidambaranar Port Trust
Thoothukudi Thermal Power Station Thaum Hmo Ntuj
Thoothukudi Macroons
Chaw nres nkoj ntawm Thoothukudi thaum Madras Thawj Tswj Hwm , ca 1913

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