Raghavanka

Raghavanka ( Kannada : ರಾಘವಾಂಕ ) tau sau tseg Kannada tus kws sau ntawv thiab kws sau paj huam hauv Hoysala lub tsev hais plaub uas tau vam meej nyob rau xyoo lig lig lig rau xyoo pua 13th. Raghavanka tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo rau kev siv cov neeg siv shatpadi meter (hexa meter, 6 kab nqe) hauv Kannada cov ntaub ntawv . [1] Harishchandra Kavya , hauv shatpadi meter, paub tias tau sau nrog kev txhais lus tsis zoo li lwm yam ntawm King Harishchandra lub neej tau paub zoo thiab suav tias yog ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm cov lus Kannada. Nws yog tus tub xeeb ntxwv thiab tus thawj ntawm cov ntawv sau thaum ntxov 12-xyoo pua Kannada kws sau paj huam Harihara . [2] [3] Txawm hais tias shatpadi meter kev coj noj coj ua muaj nyob hauv Kannada cov ntawv ua ntej Raghavanka, Raghavanka tau tshoov siab siv qhov ntsuas hloov pauv tau rau ntau tiam kws sau paj huam, ob leeg Shaiva (devotees ntawm Vajtswv Shiva ) thiab Vaishnava (devotees ntawm Vajtswv Vishnu ) tuaj . [4]

Txawm hais tias Harishchandra Kavya (c. 1200 lossis c. 1225) yog Raghavanka qhov kev ua yeeb yam loj , nws tau raug tsis lees paub los ntawm nws tus kws sau ntawv, kws sau paj huam Harihara (lossis Harisvara). Hauv qee txoj hauv kev, Raghavanka kev sau ntawv zoo tshaj nws tus kws qhia txuj ci, tshwj xeeb hauv kev piav qhia cov cim hauv nws zaj dab neeg. [5] Cov lus dab neeg tau hais tias nws tus kws qhia ntawv tau mob siab rau ntawm Raghavanka Pandita, tus neeg teev ntuj ntawm Hindu Vajtswv Shiva , rau kev sau txog cov neeg tuag tib yam (xws li King Harishchandra) tsis txhob sau txog Veerashaiva cov neeg ntseeg. Raws li cov lus dab neeg qub, tsib ntawm Raghavanka cov hniav "poob tam sim" rau kev tawm tsam nws tus xib fwb qhov kev xav. Txhawm rau nthuav nws txoj kev txhaum, nws tau sau tsib tsab ntawv hais txog Veerashaiva cov neeg ntseeg, ib qho sau rau txhua tus hniav poob, thiab cov hniav "rov qab los ntawm ib qho ".[6] Raws li lwm qhov chaw, Raghavanka tus kws qhia ntawv tau ua phem rau nws lub cev, rau txim rau nws vim nkim nws lub peev xwm kev sau paj huam hauv eulogizing tsuas yog neeg tuag. [7] Tsib qhov kev sau no yog Siddharama charitra (lossis Siddharama Purana ), kev hais lus ntawm kev hloov pauv thiab muaj kev hlub tshua rau xyoo pua 12th Veerashiava neeg dawb huv Siddharama ntawm Sonnalige uas coj tawm cov duab loj dua-lub neej ntawm cov neeg dawb huv hauv cov lus yooj yim tab sis zoo nkauj; [8] lub Somanatha charitra , ib tug propagandist ua hauj lwm uas qhia txog lub neej ntawm neeg dawb huv Somayya (los yog Adaiah) ntawm Puligere, nws humiliation tom qab lured los ntawm cov charms ntawm ib tug Jain ntxhais, thiab nws kawm tau ntawm ntse hloov ib tug Jain tuam tsev mus rau hauv ib tug Shiva tuam tsev ; covViresvara charita , zaj dab neeg ua tsis txaus ntseeg ntawm Shaiva tus tub rog Virabhadra; lub Hariharamahatva , ib tug eulogy ntawm Harisvara ntawm Hampi , thiab Sarabha charitra , ob lub tej hauj lwm tam sim no suav poob. [1] [5]

Hauv Harishchandra Kavya , Raghavanka coj tawm kev sib cav ntawm tus kheej nrog kev sib tham muaj sia; ntawm sage Vishvamitra thiab sage Vashishta , ntawm Harishchandra thiab Vishvamitra thiab ntawm Harishchandra thiab cov ntxhais "tsis muaj tseeb" ("seev cev ntxhais"). Kuj piav qhia yog Harishchandra kev ncaj ncees rau qhov tseeb tawm tsam txhua qhov sib txawv thiab kev txhiv dim ntawm Harishchandra tom qab tau txais kev cawm dim los ntawm qhov tsis tuaj yeem nws tau ib zaug tsis lees paub. [5] Raws li xibfwb LS Sheshagiri Rao ntawm Sahitya Akademi, tsis muaj lwm yam lus muaj zaj dab neeg ntawm King Harishchandra tau hais txog qhov kev txhais lus no. Kev sau ntawv yog thawj ob qho tib si hauv kev coj ua thiab txhawb siab siv lub peev xwm ntawm shatpadi meter.[8] Ib daim elegiac nqe lus no, sau nyob rau hauv lub mandanila ragele 'meter' (rhymed couplets) yog lub suab quaj ntsuag Chandramati tshaj txoj kev tuag ntawm nws tus me nyuam tub Lohitashva los ntawm nab tom, thaum sib sau ua ke taws rau nws Brahmin yuam. [9] Cov paj huam tau nrov nyob rau ntau pua xyoo thiab tau hais los ntawm Gamakis (kev piav qhia ntawm zaj dab neeg nrog suab paj nruag). [9]


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