Karna

Karna ( Sanskrit : कर्ण, IAST : Karṇa ), tseem hu ua Vasusena , Anga-raja , thiab Radheya , [2] yog ib tus cim tseem ceeb ntawm Hindu epic Mahābhārata . [3] [4] Nws yog tus tub ntawm lub hnub vajtswv - Surya thiab ntxhais fuabtais Kunti (leej niam ntawm tus Pandavas ), thiab yog li ib tug demigod ntawm muaj koob muaj npe yug. Kunti tau txais txiaj ntsig los ua tus menyuam nrog qhov kev xav tau los ntawm cov vajtswv thiab tsis muaj kev paub ntau, Kunti tau thov lub hnub vajtswv kom lees paub nws yog tias nws muaj tseeb tiag. Karna tau yug los rau Kunti uas tsis tau muaj txij nkawm thaum nws tseem hluas, ntshai kev npau taws thiab kev tawm tsam los ntawm zej zog dhau ntawm nws cev xeeb tub ua ntej, Kunti tsis muaj kev xaiv tab sis tso tseg Karna uas yug los tshiab nyob hauv pob tawb ntawm Ganges, vam tias nws pom niam txiv tu. . [3] [5] Lub pob tawb tau pom thiab Karna tau saws thiab tsa los ntawm niam txiv Suta npe hu ua Radha thiab Adhiratha Nandana [2] ntawm tus kws tshaj lij thiab kws sau paj huam ua haujlwm rau huab tais Dhritarashtra . [3]

Karna loj hlob los ua tus tub rog ua tiav ntawm lub peev xwm tshwj xeeb, tus hais lus zoo thiab dhau los ua phooj ywg ncaj ncees ntawm Duryodhana . [3] [6] Nws tau raug xaiv los ua huab tais ntawm Anga ( Bihar - Bengal ) [7] los ntawm Duryodhana. [2] Karna koom nrog Duryodhana ib sab hauv kev ua tsov rog Kurukshetra . Nws yog tus tub rog tseem ceeb uas tsom mus tua 3rd Pandava Arjuna tab sis tuag hauv kev sib ntaus nrog nws thaum tsov rog. [3] [4]

Nws yog tus neeg siab phem nyob hauv Mahabharata , zoo ib yam li Aristotle cov ntawv sau ntawm "tus txiv neej tsis zoo". [8] Nws ntsib nws niam lom hauv lub epic, thiab tom qab ntawd pom tias nws yog tus kwv tij ib nrab ntawm cov uas nws tau tawm tsam. [6] Karna yog lub cim ntawm ib tus neeg uas raug tsis lees paub los ntawm cov neeg uas yuav tsum hlub nws tab sis tsis muab qhov xwm txheej, tseem dhau los ua tus txiv neej uas muaj peev xwm tshwj xeeb txaus siab muab nws txoj kev hlub thiab lub neej ua phooj ywg zoo. Nws cim yog tsim nyob rau hauv lub epic tsa thiab sib tham txog loj lub siab lub ntsws thiab DHARMA (duty, kev ncajncees, kev ncaj ncees) dilemmas. [9] [10] [11]Nws zaj dab neeg tau tshoov siab ntau yam haujlwm thib ob, paj huam thiab ua yeeb yam hauv Hindu kev coj noj coj ua, ob qho tib si hauv Is Nrias teb thiab nyob rau sab Asia sab hnub tuaj. [9] [12] [13]

Ib cheeb tsam kev coj noj coj ua ntseeg tias Karna nrhiav tau lub nroog Karnal , hauv Haryana tam sim no . [ xav tau cov ntaub ntawv ]

Karṇa (कर्ण) yog lo lus pom hauv phau ntawv Vedic, qhov uas nws txhais tau tias "pob ntseg", "chaff lossis husk ntawm cov nplej" lossis "helm lossis rudder". [18] Hauv lwm lub ntsiab lus, nws hais txog spondee hauv Sanskrit txoj kev xav. [18] Hauv Mahabharata thiab Puranas, nws yog lub npe ntawm tus ua tub rog. [18] Hu ua Vasusena ua menyuam yaus los ntawm nws niam thiab txiv, nws tau paub los ntawm lub npe Karna vim yog lub ntsej muag kub ntawm Surya nws siv los hnav, raws li Sanskrit epics kws tshawb fawb David Slavitt. [19]

Lo lus Karna, hais rau Tus Kws Kho Mob Kevin McGrath, txhais tau tias "pob ntseg, lossis pob ntseg ib pob". [20] Hauv ntu 3.290.5 ntawm Mahabharata , Karna tau piav qhia tias yog menyuam yaus yug los nrog lub pob ntseg pob ntseg thiab daim npog ntsej muag, zoo li nws txiv Surya. [21] Cov


Karna sab hauv lub tsheb nees sib ntaus Ghatotkacha sawv saum nees, Kota, Rajasthan . Cov duab no - zoo li Patung Satria Gatotkaca - kuj tseem nyob ze ntawm tshav dav hlau Denpasar , Bali , Indonesia.
Surya muab lub siab rau Kunti
Coronation ntawm Karna
Karna muab tus txiv neej laus pluag, khoov nrog hnub nyoog thiab kev ua phem ua qias, Kavach uas tau muab tso rau hauv nws txhais tes thiab tau rov qab los ntawm kev tua nrog rab riam
Karna-Arjuna qhov kev sib ntaus zaum kawg yog kev pab cuam suav nrog hauv Mahabharata vaj huam sib luag hauv ntau lub tuam tsev Hindu keeb kwm hauv Is Nrias teb thiab nyob rau sab qab teb sab hnub tuaj Asia xws li ntawm Angkor Wat . Saum toj no yog qhov tshwm sim ntawm lub xyoo pua 12th Hoysaleswara Tuam Tsev , Karnataka. [105] [ceeb toom 8]
Kev tuag ntawm Karna

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