Guizhou

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Xeev Guizhou

贵州 省
Lub npe transcription (s)
 •  SuavÌ 省( Guìzhōu Shěng )
 •  Cov ntawv luvGZ /lossis( pinyin : Qián lossis Guì )
Daim ntawv qhia qhia qhov chaw nyob hauv xeev Guizhou
Kev tswj hwm: 26 ° 50′N 106 ° 50′E / 26.833 ° N 106.833 ° E / 26.833; 106.833Kev tswj hwm : 26 ° 50′N 106 ° 50′E  / 26.833 ° N 106.833 ° E / 26.833; 106.833
Lub teb chawsTuam Tshoj
Lub npe rauGui - Gui Toj siab
zhou (prefecture)
Capital (thiab lub nroog loj tshaj)
Guiyang
Kev faib ua feem9 lub nroog , 88 lub nroog , 1539 lub nroog
Tsoom Fwv
 • HomXeev
 • Lub CevGuizhou Provincial People's Congress
 •  Tus tuav ntaub ntawv hauv CPCShen Yiqin
 • Tus  thawj tswj hwm ntawm CongressShen Yiqin
 •  Tus tswv xeevLi Bingjun
 •  CPPCC tus thawj tswj hwmLiu Xiaokai
Thaj tsam
 • Tag Nrho176,167 km 2 (68,018 sq mi)
Cheeb tsam qib16
Siab tshaj plaws
( Jiucaiping )
2,900 m (9,500 ft)
Pejxeem
 (2020) [2]
 • Tag Nrho38,562,148
 • Qib19
 • Ceev220/km 2 (570/sq mi)
 • Coob qib18
Cov pejxeem
 • Haiv neeg muaj pes tsawg leegHan - 62%
Miao - 12%
Buyei - 8%
Dong - 5%
Tujia - 4%
Yi - 2%
Undistinguished - 2%
Gelao - 2%
sui - 1%
 • Cov lus thiab cov lusSouthwestern Mandarin
ISO 3166 tus lejCN-GZ
PIB (2020)CNY 1.78 trillion
$ 258 billion ( 19th ) [3]
 - rau ib tus neegCNY 46,228
USD 6,700 ( 31st )
 • kev loj hlob 4.5%
HDI (xyoo 2018)0.680 [4]
nruab nrab · 29th
Lub Vev Xaibhttp://www.gzgov.gov.cn
( Suav Yooj Yim )
Guizhou
"Guizhou" hauv Yooj Yim (sab saum toj) thiab Tsoos (hauv qab) Cov cim Suav
Suav npe
Suav yooj yim贵州
Tsoos Suav貴州
Hanyu PinyinGuìzhōu
Xa ntawvKweichow
Lub npe Tibetan
Tibetanཀུའ ེ་ ཀྲོའ
Zhuang npe
ZhuangGveicouh
贵州
Yi npe
Yiꇭꍏ

Guizhou / ɡ w / [5] ( Suav :贵州; qho Kweichow ) yog ib tug landlocked xeev nyob rau hauv lub southwest cheeb tsam ntawm lub Cov neeg 's koom pheej ntawm Tuam Tshoj . Nws lub peev thiab nroog loj tshaj yog Guiyang , nyob hauv nruab nrab ntawm lub xeev. Guizhou ciam teb thaj tsam ntawm tus kheej ntawm Guangxi mus rau sab qab teb, Yunnan mus rau sab hnub poob, Sichuan mus rau sab qaum teb hnub poob, lub nroog ntawm Chongqing mus rau sab qaum teb, thiab Hunanmus rau sab hnub tuaj. Cov pejxeem ntawm Guizhou sawv ntawm 38.5 lab, nyob qib 18 ntawm cov xeev hauv Suav teb.

Lub Nceeg Vaj Dian , uas nyob hauv thaj tsam niaj hnub no ntawm Guizhou, tau muab los ntawm Han dynasty nyob rau xyoo 106 BC. [6] Guizhou tau tsim ua lub xeev nyob rau xyoo 1413 thaum lub sijhawm Ming dynasty . Tom qab kev rhuav tshem ntawm Qing xyoo 1911 thiab tom qab Suav Tsov Rog Tsov Rog , Tuam Tshoj Communist tog tau mus nkaum hauv Guizhou thaum Lub Peb Hlis Ntev nruab nrab ntawm xyoo 1934 thiab 1935. [7] Tom qab tsim tsa Cov Neeg Sawv Cev ntawm Tuam Tshoj , Mao Zedongtxhawb kev hloov chaw ntawm kev lag luam hnyav mus rau hauv cov xeev xws li Guizhou, txhawm rau tiv thaiv lawv zoo dua los ntawm kev tawm tsam txawv teb chaws.

Piv rau lwm lub xeev hauv Suav Teb, Guizhou tsis tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo los ntawm Suav kev txhim kho kev lag luam . Guizhou muaj kev nplua nuj nyob hauv ntuj, kev coj noj coj ua thiab ib puag ncig. Nws txoj kev lag luam ntuj suav nrog ntoo thiab hav zoov, thiab lub zog thiab kev lag luam mining yog ib feem tseem ceeb ntawm nws txoj kev lag luam. Txawm li cas los xij, Guizhou suav tias yog ib lub xeev tsis zoo thiab tsis muaj kev lag luam, nrog rau qib xya-qis tshaj GDP ib tus neeg hauv Suav teb txij li xyoo 2019. Txawm li cas los xij, nws tseem yog ib qho ntawm Tuam Tshoj txoj kev lag luam loj hlob sai tshaj plaws. [8] Tsoomfwv Suav tab tom nrhiav los txhim kho Guizhou ua lub chaw khaws ntaub ntawv. [9] [10]

Guizhou yog lub xeev roob, nrog nws qhov chaw siab dua nyob rau sab hnub poob thiab nruab nrab. Nws nyob ntawm qhov kawg sab hnub tuaj ntawm Yungui Plateau . Cov pej xeem, nws yog ib qho ntawm Tuam Tshoj cov xeev sib txawv tshaj plaws. Cov pab pawg neeg tsawg muaj ntau dua 37% ntawm cov pejxeem, suav nrog cov pejxeem coob ntawm Miao , Bouyei , Dong , Tujia thiab Yi haiv neeg, txhua tus neeg hais lus txawv ntawm Suav. Cov lus tseem ceeb hais hauv Guizhou yog Southwestern Mandarin , ntau yam lus Mandarin .

Npe

Thaj chaw tau xub npaj ua thaj chaw tswj hwm ntawm Suav teb chaws faj seeb nyob hauv Tang , thaum nws lub npe hu ua Juzhou (州 州), hais tawm Kjú-jyuw hauv Suav Suav Nruab Nrab ntawm lub sijhawm. [11] Thaum lub sij hawm Mongol -coj Yuan dynasty , tus cwj pwm( ju , "tus kws ntoo lub xwmfab") tau hloov mus rau qhov ua kom zoo dua qub gu ( gui , "muaj nuj nqis lossis kim"). [11] Lub cheeb tsam tau dhau los ua ib lub xeev nyob rau xyoo 1413, nrog lub peev txheej tsis tseem ceeb tom qab ntawd tseem hu ua "Guizhou" tab sis tam sim no lub npe hu uaGuiyang . [11]

Keeb kwm

Guizhou xyoo 1655.

Cov pov thawj ntawm kev sib hais los ntawm tib neeg thaum Nruab Nrab Palaeolithic tau qhia los ntawm cov khoom siv pob zeb, suav nrog Levallois daim, pom thaum lub sijhawm tshawb nrhiav keeb kwm ntawm Guanyindong Cave. Cov khoom qub no tau sau hnub tim rau kwv yees li ntawm 170,000-80,000 xyoo dhau los siv kev siv lub teeb pom kev zoo luminescence . [12]

Los ntawm ib puag ncig 1046 BCE mus rau qhov tshwm sim ntawm Lub Xeev Qin , sab qaum teb sab hnub poob Guizhou yog ib feem ntawm Xeev Shu . [7] Thaum Tsov Rog Sijhawm Sijhawm , Suav xeev Chu tau kov yeej thaj chaw, thiab kev tswj hwm tom qab dhau mus rau Dian Kingdom . Thaum lub sij hawm Suav Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE), uas Dian yog tus kav dej, Guizhou yog lub tsev rau Yelang sau los ntawm pab pawg, uas tau tswj hwm lawv tus kheej ua ntej Han koom ua ke tswj nyob rau sab hnub poob thiab tsim Lingnan xeev. [7] Thaum Peb Lub Nceeg Vajlub sijhawm, ib feem ntawm Guizhou tau tswj hwm los ntawm Shu Han lub xeev nyob hauv Sichuan , tom qab ntawd Cao Wei (220-266) thiab Jin Dynasty (266-420). [7]

Thaum lub sijhawm xyoo 8th thiab 9th nyob rau hauv Tang dynasty , Suav cov tub rog tau tsiv mus rau Guizhou (Kweichow) thiab sib yuav poj niam ib txwm. Lawv cov xeeb leej xeeb ntxwv hu ua Lǎohànrén (老汉 人), sib piv rau cov neeg Suav tshiab uas nyob Guizhou thaum lub sijhawm tom qab. Lawv tseem hais lus ib hom lus qub. [13] Ntau tus neeg tsiv teb tsaws chaw mus rau Guizhou tau nqis los ntawm cov tub rog no hauv cov tub ceev xwm uas tau sib yuav cov poj niam no ua ntej Suav. [14]

Kublai Khan thiab Möngke Khan tau kov yeej Suav qab teb sab hnub poob hauv txheej txheem ntawm kev ntaus yeej Nkauj thaum lub sij hawm Mongol ntxeem tau ntawm Tuam Tshoj , thiab kev tsim tshiab Yuan dynasty (1279-1688) pom kev coj los ntawm Suav Muslim cov thawj coj thiab cov neeg nyob hauv Bukhara hauv Central Asia. [7]

Nws yog lub sijhawm Ming dynasty hauv qab no , uas tau rov ua dua los ntawm Han Suav , tias Guizhou tau tsim lub xeev thaum xyoo 1413. Ming tau tsim ntau lub tub ceev xwm hauv Guizhou los ntawm kev sib haum xeeb rau Yao thiab Miao haiv neeg tsawg thaum Miao ntxeev siab . [7] Suav-kev ua liaj ua teb vam meej nrog kev tshaj lij ntawm cov neeg ua liaj ua teb los ntawm Sichuan, Hunan thiab nws cov xeev ib puag ncig mus rau Guizhou. Wu Sangui yog lub luag haujlwm tshem tawm Ming hauv Guizhou thiab Yunnan thaum Manchu kov yeej Tuam Tshoj . Thaum lub sijhawm tswj hwm-dav dav ntawm Qing DynastyTus neeg muaj koob muaj npe Ortai , tusi system ntawm kev tswj hwm tsis ncaj ncees ntawm sab hnub poob sab hnub poob tau raug tshem tawm, ua rau muaj kev tawm tsam los ntawm cov thawj coj uas tsis muaj kev ywj pheej thiab kev tswj hwm tseem ceeb ntxiv ntawm tsoomfwv. Tom qab Tsov Rog Zaum Ob Tsov Rog , kev ua txhaum cai triads teeb tsa khw hauv Guangxi thiab Guizhou kom muag cov yeeb yaj kiab Askiv . Rau ib lub sij hawm, Taiping Rebels tau tswj ntawm Guizhou, tab sis thaum kawg lawv tau raug quab yuam los ntawm Qing. [7] Ib yam nkaus , Han cov tub rog Suav tau tsiv mus rau thaj tsam Taijiang ntawm Guizhou, tau sib yuav Miao poj niam, thiab lawv cov menyuam raug coj los ua Miao. [15] [16]

Ntau qhov kev ua tsis tau zoo ntawm Miao tau tshwm sim thaum Qing, hauv 1735 , los ntawm 1795-1806 [17] thiab los ntawm 1854-1873 . [18] Tom qab kev rhuav tshem Qing xyoo 1911 thiab tom qab Suav Tsov Rog Tsov Rog Zaum Ob , Cov Neeg Sab Laj tau mus nkaum hauv Guizhou thaum Lub Peb Hlis Ntev (1934-1935). [7] Thaum lub xeev tau thawm xyoo kav los ntawm lub warlord Wang Jialie , lub Zunyi sablaj nyob rau hauv Guizhou tsim Mao Zedong ua tus thawj coj ntawm lub Communist tog. Raws li Kev Tsov Rog Thoob Ntiaj Teb Zaum Ob Sino-Nyij Pooj tau thawb Tuam TshojTsoomfwv haiv neeg rau nws lub hauv paus sab qab teb hnub poob ntawm Chongqing , kev thauj mus los txhim kho zoo li Guizhou tau txuas nrog txoj kev Burma . [19] Tom qab Tsov Rog Tsov Rog xaus, xyoo 1949 Kev Tawm Tsam tau rhuav tshem Mao mus rau hauv lub zog, uas txhawb kev hloov chaw ntawm kev lag luam hnyav mus rau hauv cov xeev xws li Guizhou, txhawm rau tiv thaiv lawv zoo dua los ntawm Soviet thiab Asmeskas kev tawm tsam. Tus mob khaub thuas kis thoob ntiaj teb xyoo 1957 tau pib hauv Guizhou thiab tua ntau lab tus tib neeg thoob ntiaj teb. Tom qab Suav kev txhim kho kev lag luam pib xyoo 1978, cov hauv paus hauv cheeb tsam tau coj Guizhou los ua lub xeev txom nyem tshaj plaws hauv Suav teb, nrog kev loj hlob GDP nruab nrab ntawm 9 feem pua ​​txij xyoo 1978-1993. [19]

Geography

Bouyei haiv neeg tsawg Shitou lub zos, sab hnub poob Guizhou (ze Longgong qhov tsua), Suav.

Guizhou yog lub xeev roob, txawm hais tias nws qhov chaw siab dua nyob rau sab hnub poob thiab nruab nrab. Nws nyob ntawm qhov kawg sab hnub tuaj ntawm Yungui Plateau . [20] Ntawm 2,900 m (9,514 ft) siab dua ntawm hiav txwv, Jiucaiping yog Guizhou qhov chaw siab tshaj. [21] Cov

Guizhou muaj huab cua huab cua nyob qis qis . Muaj qee qhov kev hloov pauv raws caij nyoog. Nws qhov nruab nrab qhov nruab nrab txhua xyoo yog kwv yees li 10 txog 20 ° C, nrog Lub Ib Hlis kub li ntawm 1 txog 10 ° C thiab Lub Xya Hli kub li ntawm 17 txog 28 ° C. [ xav tau cov ntaub ntawv ]

Ib yam li Tuam Tshoj cov xeev txom nyem tshaj plaws, Guizhou tab tom ntsib teeb meem ib puag ncig hnyav, xws li qhuav qhuav thiab tsis muaj dej tsis tu ncua. Txij hnub 3-5 Lub Plaub Hlis 2010, Tuam Tshoj tus Thawj Kav Tebchaws Wen Jiabao tau mus ncig xyuas peb-hnub nyob rau sab qab teb hnub poob-cuam tshuam los ntawm xeev Guizhou, qhov uas nws tau ntsib cov neeg hauv zej zog thiab hu xov tooj rau cov kws tshawb fawb txog kev ua liaj ua teb txhawm rau txhim kho cov tshuab thev naus laus zis rau thaj tsam. [22] Cov

Biodiversity

Grey-thim rov qab los ntawm Caohai.

Cov ciam teb toj roob hauv pes ntawm Guizhou, Guangxi, thiab Hunan tau raug txheeb xyuas tias yog ib ntawm yim qhov chaw cog qoob loo sib txawv hauv Suav teb. Lub hom phiaj tseem ceeb muaj xws li hav zoov hav zoov uas tsis muaj chaw nyob, hav zoov coniferous thiab sab saud, thiab hav zoov montane elfin. Hom kab mob kis rau thaj av no suav nrog Abies ziyuanensis , Cathaya argyrophylla , thiab Keteleeria pubescens . [23] Hauv cov ntsiab lus dav, Yunnan -Guizhou Plateau yog ib qho ntawm cov tsiaj txhu muaj ntau haiv neeg hotspots ntawm Tuam Tshoj. Nyob rau theem ntawm cov nroog, Xingyi yog ib ntawm cuaj tus suav suav suav (suav nrog cov noog) ntau qhov chaw. [24] Tsiaj txhu tsuas paub los ntawm Guizhou suav nrogLeishan mustache toad , Kuankuoshui salamander , Shuicheng salamander , Guizhou salamander , thiab Zhijin warty newt . [ xav tau cov ntaub ntawv ]

Lub pas dej Caohai nrog nws ib puag ncig yog thaj av ntub dej uas yog thaj chaw tseem ceeb rau ntau tus noog. Nws yog National Nature Reserve thiab Ib Cheeb Tsam Tseem Ceeb qhia los ntawm BirdLife International . [25] Cov

Txoj cai

Kev faib kev tswj hwm

cov nroog daim duab qhia chaw ntawm Guizhou

Guizhou tau muab faib ua cuaj lub nroog-qib kev faib ua haujlwm : rau lub nroog-qib nroog thiab peb lub nroog uas muaj neeg nyob :

Kev faib kev tswj hwm ntawm Guizhou
Txoj cai faib [26]FaibThaj tsam hauv km 2 [27]Pejxeem 2010 [28]Lub roojKev faib tawm [29]
Cheeb tsam *Lub NroogAut. lub nroogLub nroog CL
520000Xeev Guizhou176167.00 Nws34,746,468Lub nroog Guiyang1751119
520100Lub nroog Guiyang8,046.674,324,561Cheeb Tsam Guanshanhu631
520200Lub nroog Liupanshui9,965.372,851,180Zhongshan koog tsev kawm ntawv31
520300Lub nroog Zunyi30,780.736,127,009Cheeb Tsam Huichuan3722
520400Lub nroog Anshun9,253.062,297,339Xixiu District213
520500Lub nroog Bijie26,844.456,536,370Cheeb Tsam Qixingguan161
520600Lub nroog Tongren18.006.41 Nws3,092,365Cheeb Tsam Bijiang244
522300Qianxinan Aut tau Prefecture16,785.932,805,857Xingyi nroog62
522600Qiandongnan Aut tau Prefecture30,278.063,480,626Lub nroog Kaili151
522700Qiannan Aut tau Prefecture26,191.783,231,161Lub nroog Duyun912
* - suav nrog Cheeb Tsam Tshwj Xeeb

Cov cuaj qib hauv cheeb tsam no tau muab faib ua 88 lub nroog ib cheeb tsam (14 cheeb tsam , 7 lub nroog-qib nroog , 55 lub nroog , thiab 11 lub nroog uas muaj neeg nyob thiab ib cheeb tsam tshwj xeeb ).

Nroog cheeb tsam

Cov pejxeem nyob hauv cheeb tsam nroog hauv nroog thiab nroog nroog
#Lub nroogNroog cheeb tsam [30]Cheeb tsam cheeb tsam [30]Lub nroog zoo [30]Hnub suav pej xeem
1Guiyang2,520,0613,034,7504,322,6112010-11-01
2Zunyi [ib]715,1481,094,8716,127,0822010-11-01
(2)Zunyi (koog tsev kawm ntawv tshiab) [a]280,163942,904saib Zunyi2010-11-01
3Liupanshui491,438 ib616,2102,851,3322010-11-01
4Pib [b]421,342 ib1,137,3836,537,4982010-11-01
5Anshun [c]358,920 ib765,399 ib2,297,6122010-11-01
(5)Anshun (koog tsev kawm ntawv tshiab) [c]95,601 ib297,990 ibsaib Anshun2010-11-01
6Xingyi335,243 ib783,120 ibib feem ntawm Qianxinan Prefecture2010-11-01
7Kaili274,922 ib479,011 ibib feem ntawm Qiandongnan Prefecture2010-11-01
8Tongren [d]218,542409,488 ib3,093,2042010-11-01
9Duyun217,091 ib443,721 ibib feem ntawm Qiannan Prefecture2010-11-01
(10)Panzhou [e]176,237 ib103,5345saib Liupanshui2010-11-01
11Renhuai171.005 Nws546,477 ibsaib Zunyi2010-11-01
12Qingzhen166916467790 ibsaib Guiyang2010-11-01
13Fuquan158,515283,904 ibib feem ntawm Qiannan Prefecture2010-11-01
(14)Xingren [f]113043417,919ib feem ntawm Qianxinan Prefecture2010-11-01
15Chishui80,884237,052 ibsaib Zunyi2010-11-01
  1. ^ a b Cheeb tsam tshiab tsim tom qab suav pej xeem: Bozhou (Zunyi County) . Hauv paus tsev kawm ntawv tshiab tsis suav nrog hauv cheeb tsam nroog & cheeb tsam cheeb tsam suav ntawm lub nroog uas nthuav ua ntej.
  2. ^ Bijie Prefecture tam sim no hu ua Bijie PLC tom qab suav pej xeem; Bijie CLC tam sim no lub npe hu ua Qixingguan tom qab suav pej xeem.
  3. ^ a b Hauv paus tsev kawm ntawv tshiab tau tsim tom qab suav pej xeem: Pingba (Pingba County) . Hauv paus tsev kawm ntawv tshiab tsis suav nrog hauv cheeb tsam nroog & cheeb tsam cheeb tsam suav ntawm lub nroog uas nthuav ua ntej.
  4. ^ Tongren Prefecture tam sim no hu ua Tongren PLC tom qab suav pej xeem; Tongren CLC & Wanshan SD tam sim no hu ua Bijiang & Wanshan tom qab kev suav pej xeem.
  5. ^ Lub Nroog Panxian tam sim no hu ua Panzhou CLC tom qab suav pej xeem.
  6. ^ Xingren County tam sim no lub npe hu ua Xingren CLC tom qab suav pej xeem.

Economy

Xijiang, Miao hais haum nyob rau sab hnub tuaj Guizhou
Bapa Dong, ib lub zos Dong nyob rau sab hnub tuaj Guizhou
Zhenyuan , lub nroog nyob rau sab hnub tuaj Guizhou

Raws li ib nrab ntawm xyoo pua puv 19, Guizhou tau xa cov tshuaj mercury , kub, hlau, txhuas, luam yeeb, xyab thiab tshuaj. [31] Cov

Nws txoj kev lag luam ntuj suav nrog ntoo thiab hav zoov. [32] Guizhou tseem yog tus thib peb loj tshaj plaws ntawm kev haus luam yeeb hauv Suav teb, thiab yog lub tsev muaj koob npe nrov Guizhou Tobacco. [33] Lwm yam lag luam tseem ceeb hauv xeev suav nrog kev siv hluav taws xob ( tsim hluav taws xob ) - ib feem loj uas tau xa tawm mus rau Guangdong thiab lwm lub xeev [33] - thiab kev tsuas, tshwj xeeb hauv cov thee, limestone , arsenic , gypsum , thiab roj av . [32] Guizhou tag nrho cov pa hluav taws xob tau tsim los ntawm 118 lab tons hauv xyoo 2008, nce 7% ntawm xyoo dhau los. [34] Guizhou kev xa tawm lub zog rau Guangdongsib npaug 12% ntawm Guangdong tag nrho kev siv hluav taws xob. Hauv 5 xyoos tom ntej no Guizhou vam tias yuav nce qhov no ntau npaum li 50%. [35] Cov

Economic thiab Technology Development Zones

  • Guiyang Economic & Technological Development Zone, tsim nyob rau lub Ob Hlis 2000 [36]

Tsheb thauj mus los

Tus Dej Beipan Tus Choj ntawm Liupanshui -Baiguo Railway nyob rau sab hnub poob Guizhou yog tus choj loj tshaj plaws hauv ntiaj teb .

Xyoo 2017, Sun Zhigang , tus tswv xeev ntawm Guizhou, tau tshaj tawm cov phiaj xwm tsim 10,000 km ntawm txoj kev loj, 17 tshav dav hlau, 600 km (370 mi) ntawm cov dej hauv dej, thiab 4,000 km (2,500 mi) ntawm txoj kev tsheb ciav hlau ceev hauv peb xyoo, hauv kev rau siab txhawb kev ncig xyuas tebchaws hauv xeev. [37] Cov

Rail

Guizhou txoj kev tsheb ciav hlau feem ntau yog hla hla los ntawm Sichuan – Guizhou , Guangxi – Guizhou thiab Shanghai – Kunming kev tsheb ciav hlau, uas sib tshuam ntawm lub nroog peev, Guiyang , ze rau nruab nrab ntawm lub xeev. Lub Liupanshui-Baiguo , Yias County West thiab Weishe-Hongguo railways tsim ib tug kev tsheb nqaj hlau txoj kev hauv tsev nrog Guizhou lub thaj ciam teb nrog Yus Nas . Txoj kab kev no txuas nrog Neijiang -Kunming txoj kev tsheb nqaj hlau , uas nqes mus rau sab qaum teb sab hnub poob Guizhou ntawm Weining , nrog Nanning -Kunming txoj kev tsheb nqaj hlau , uas hla rau sab qab teb hnub poob ntawm Guizhou ntawm Xingyi. [ xav tau cov ntaub ntawv ]

Raws li xyoo 2018, Shanghai, Kunming thiab Guiyang-Guangzhou txoj kev tsheb ciav hlau ceev tau ua haujlwm. Chengdu-Guiyang high-speed railway tab tom tsim.

Demographics

Cov pejxeem keeb kwm
XyooPop.±% pab
Xyoo 1912 [38]9,665,000-    
Xyoo 1928 [39]14,746,000+2.68%
1936-37 [40]9,919,000.84.84%
Xyoo 1947 [41]10,174,000+0.23%
Xyoo 1954 [42]15,037,310+5.74%
Xyoo 1964 [43]17,140,521+1.32%
Xyoo 1982 [44]28,552,997+2.88%
Xyoo 1990 [45]32,391,066+1.59%
Xyoo 2000 [46]35,247,695+0.85%
Xyoo 2010 [47]34,746,468.10.14%
Xyoo 2020 [48]38,562,148+1.05%

Xyoo 1832, cov pejxeem kwv yees li ntawm tsib lab. [31] Cov

Guizhou yog cov pej xeem ib ntawm Tuam Tshoj cov xeev sib txawv tshaj plaws. Cov pab pawg neeg tsawg muaj ntau dua 37% ntawm cov pejxeem thiab lawv suav nrog Miao (suav nrog Gha-Mu thiab A-Hmao ), Yao , Yi , Qiang , Dong , Zhuang , Bouyei , Bai , Tujia , Gelao thiab Sui . 55.5% ntawm lub xeev cheeb tsam tau xaiv los ua thaj chaw muaj kev ywj pheej rau haiv neeg tsawg. Guizhou yog lub xeev nrog lub siab tshaj plaws fertility tus nqi nyob rau hauv Tuam Tshoj, sawv ntawm 2.19 (Huv-1.31, Nyob deb nroog-2.42). [49] Cov

Cov cheeb tsam muaj kev ywj pheej loj hauv Guizhou, tsis suav nrog Hui .
Haiv neeg ntev-horn, yog ib ceg me ntawm Miao nyob hauv kaum ob lub zos ze Zhijin County , Guizhou. Lub tshuab raj ntoo tseem nyob niaj hnub hnav rau cov poj niam feem ntau.
Lub zos Dong ntawm Zhaoxing

Kev ntseeg

Kev ntseeg hauv Guizhou [50] [ceeb toom 1]

  Kev ntseeg (0.99%)
  Lwm txoj kev ntseeg lossis tsis ntseeg neeg [cim 2] (67.83%)

Cov kev ntseeg tseem ceeb hauv Guizhou yog Suav kev ntseeg kev ntseeg , kev ntseeg Taoist thiab Suav Buddhism . Raws li kev tshawb fawb tshawb fawb xyoo 2007 thiab 2009, 31.18% ntawm cov pejxeem ntseeg thiab koom nrog kev hwm cov poj koob yawm txwv , thaum 0.99% ntawm cov pejxeem qhia tias yog neeg ntseeg , txo los ntawm 1.13% hauv 2004. [50]

Wumiao (Tuam Tsev ntawm Vajtswv ntawm Tsov Rog) mob siab rau Guandi hauv Anshun .

Cov ntawv ceeb toom tsis tau muab tus lej rau lwm hom kev ntseeg; 67.83% ntawm cov pejxeem tej zaum yuav tsis ntseeg lossis koom nrog hauv kev teev ntuj ntawm vajtswv ntuj , Buddhism, Confucianism , Taoism, kev ntseeg kev ntseeg hauv pawg ntseeg , thiab haiv neeg tsawg ntawm Muslim . Muaj ntau haiv neeg tsawg haiv neeg ( Miao thiab Buyei ) uas ib txwm ua raws lawv txoj kev ntseeg ib leeg.

Cuisine

Guizhou yog lub tsev uas paub zoo txog cawv cawv Moutai . [51] Cov

Tourism

Lub xeev muaj ntau tus choj txuas , hu ua Cua thiab Dej Cuam Tshuam . Cov no tau tsim los ntawm cov neeg Dong . [ xav tau cov ntaub ntawv ]

Sab qab teb sab hnub tuaj ntawm lub xeev tau paub txog nws cov haiv neeg Dong tshwj xeeb. Cov nroog xws li Rongjiang , Liping , Diping thiab Zhaoxing tau tawg khiav ri niab nyob rau toj siab raws ciam teb nrog Guangxi. [ xav tau cov ntaub ntawv ]

Tourism-raws li cuab yeej cuab tam

World Bank "Txoj Kev Ntsuam Xyuas Ib puag ncig Kev Ntseeg: Kev Txhim Kho Kev Ncig Tebchaws hauv Lub Nroog Guizhou, Suav Teb" (Tsib Hlis 25, 2007) [52] taw tes rau peb yam sib txawv ntawm kev ncig ua si uas yuav tsum tau txhawb thiab tsim hauv Guizhou, Suav Teb: Raws li xwm txheej, Cov cuab yeej cuab tam-raws thiab Kev Ncig Tebchaws Hauv Zos. Cov cuab yeej cuab tam raws kev ncig tebchaws muab rau pawg neeg tsawg nrog rau lub sijhawm los khaws lawv cov cuab yeej cuab tam tshwj xeeb thaum tseem ua neej nyob.

Cov tsev kawm qib siab thiab tsev kawm qib siab

Media

Cov neeg tseem ceeb

  • Shi Jinmo (1881-1969), tus tsim ntawm tsev kawm qib siab kho mob
  • Huang Xiaoyun (1998-), tus hu nkauj thiab ua yeeb yam

Saib kuj

Sau ntawv

  1. ^ Cov ntaub ntawv tau sau los ntawm Suav Kev Ntsuam Xyuas Tib Neeg Hauv Ntiaj Teb (CGSS) xyoo 2009 thiab los ntawm Suav Kev Ntsuj Plig Hauv Ntiaj Teb (CSLS) xyoo 2007, tshaj tawm thiab sib sau ua ke los ntawm Xiuhua Wang (2015) [50] txhawm rau txhawm rau ntsib cov feem ntawm cov neeg txheeb xyuas. nrog ob yam kev coj noj coj ua zoo sib xws: ① Cov ntseeg hauv pawg ntseeg, thiab ② kev ntseeg Suav ib txwm muaj los ntawm caj ces (piv txwv li tib neeg ntseeg thiab pe hawm cov ntseeg vajtswv feem ntau tau koom ua pawg "pawg ntseeg" thiab cov poj koob yawm txwv thaj chaw ). Cov ntaub ntawv rau lwm txoj kev ntseeg nrog qhov tseem ceeb nyob hauv Suav teb (Buddhism, Confucianism, kev pe hawm vaj tswv, Taoism, kev ntseeg lwm haiv neeg, Islam, kev ntseeg kev coj ua los ntawm haiv neeg tsawg, thiab lwm yam.) Tsis tau tshaj tawm los ntawm Wang.
  2. ^ Qhov no yuav suav nrog:

Cov neeg ua haujlwm

Citations

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Cov haujlwm tau hais tseg

  • Wilkinson, Endymion (2012). Suav Keeb Kwm: Phau Ntawv Tshiab . Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series 84 . Cambridge, MA: Lub koom haum Harvard-Yenching; Harvard University Asia Center. ISBN 978-0-674-06715-8.

Txuas sab nraud